The Sermon on The Mount


RG 11/11/2015

The Church as described in the Book of Ephesians

The Church – Blessed of God with every Spiritual Blessing

The Church – The Temple Without Walls

The Church – The Mystery Revealed

The Church – The Gifted of God

The Church – The Submissive Bride

The Church – The Spiritual Army of God

Do you like to spend time on the Mountain?

Closer to God

New Perspective


Hearing – Sound Travels

The Bible contains several significant accounts of men meeting with God on a Mountain

Noah – The Ark landed on Mount Ararat

Moses – The Burning Bush

Moses – The Ten Commandments – The Law

Moses – Death overlooking the Promised Land

Abraham – Mount of Sacrifice

Elijah – Heard God in a still small Voice

David and Solomon – built a Temple for God on the mountains of Jerusalem

Jesus, “The Prophet” Moses spoke of also multiple meetings on a Mountain

He often went alone up a mountain to pray and meet with His Father

The Mount of Transfiguration, Mount of Crucifixion

Today we will see many come to Jesus to hear from God in the Sermon on the Mount

In The Old Testament men were brought near to God by the keeping of the Law and the sacrificial system where sacrifices were offered for the remission of sin every year.

In the Sermon on the Mount, Mathew 5-7, Jesus will restate the law to clarify its standards of perfection.

Mathew sets this sermon off in his Gospel by bracketing it By saying in Chapters 4 and 9 Jesus went about teaching in their synagogues and preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God and healing every disease and infirmity among the people.

In Ch 5-7 The Sermon on the Mount is given as a sampling of Jesus teachings. In Ch 8,9 Mathew gives numerous examples of Jesus healing ministry.  Over the next few weeks we will focus on Jesus Teaching.

1 Now when Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him, 2 and he began to teach them.

The Beatitudes

He said:

3“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.

5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.

Mountainside a great place to teach a large crowd of both disciples and seekers.

Who wants to be “Blessed” (makarios: blessed, happy)

How to ascend the mountain of God?

PS 24

1The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it,the world, and all who live in it; 2for he founded it on the seas

and established it on the waters.

3Who may ascend the mountain of the Lord? Who may stand in his holy place? 4 The one who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not trust in an idol or swear by a false god.

5They will receive blessing (benefits, gifts and peace) from the Lord and vindication from God their Savior. 6Such is the generation of those who seek him, who seek your face, God of Jacob

In verses 3-10 Jesus tells His audience how to approach God with the right attitude and how to represent God in the world.

Whose character is reflected in these 8 steps?  We must put on Christ, be born again in the likeness of His Son

3 Jesus became poor – 2 Cor 8: 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich

4 Jesus mourned – Luke 19:41When He approached Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it, 42saying, “If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes

5 Jesus is power under control – Phi 2: 6 Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage; 7rather, he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death— even death on a cross!

6 Jesus is the source of righteousness – Phil 3: not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God

7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.

8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.

9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.

10 Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 “Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. 12 Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.


7 Through Christ we are recipients of God’s mercy – 4But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, 5made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved

8 We must come to God with a Pure Heart – 2 Tim 2;22 Flee the evil desires of youth and pursue righteousness, faith, love and peace, along with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart. …

Proverbs 22:11 One who loves a pure heart and who speaks with grace will have the king for a friend

Psalm 73:1 Surely God is good to Israel, to those who are pure in heart

9 Jesus is our peace – Ro 5:1Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ

Eph 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. 14For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall

10 Jesus is the example of the suffering servant

1 Peter 2:22“He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.” 23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly. 24“He himself bore our sins” in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; “by his wounds you have been healed.”

11 Jesus speaks directly to His disciples and tells them what they will experience as His followers.  What does He promise them?  Would they be the first to be treated this way? Who are they?

They will be insulted, persecuted and slandered

The rewards are not in this world, their inheritance is God

The prophets before them stood alone and stood with God

The they are Jews – Jesus said has a prophet ever died outside Jerusalem

Salt and Light

13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

14“You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. 16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven.

The Fulfillment of the Law

17“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.

19 Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven

13 What is Jesus vision for His disciples?

The salt of the earth –

it cures the wound

preserves the meat

The light of the world a city on a hill put on a stand for all to see – an example – to give light to everyone

Let your light shine (the light of Christ in you)

Bring glory to God your Father

17-18 Who is / will / has fulfilled the law and the prophets?


19 What happens to those who set aside the commands of God? (Pharisees set aside the commands for the traditions of the elders)

They are least

How are those who teach and practice god’s commands?

They are called great in the kingdom of heaven

20 What does Jesus tell His disciples about the requirements for righteous living?

Their righteousness must surpass that of the Pharisees in order to enter the kingdom.

Key Points:

There is one way to approach God and that is dressed in the righteousness of Christ.

Attitude determines altitude – We will explore the beatitudes over the next couple weeks and use examples from Jesus’ own teachings to illustrate what they mean.

When we ascend the mountain of God it is to have our hearts aligned to His will

The Jews have severely underestimated the affects of sin and prevailed upon the grace of God.

In God’s great grace He sent His Son.

God has not compromised His holiness His justice has been satisfied by Christ and His wrath has been quenched.